ExpatriateJohn Robie (Cary Grant) is a retired American citizen, living in France and quietly tending to his vineyards but has retained his American citizenship. After WWII thousands of Americans became expatriates and lived in foreign countries to do everything from study art to open business ventures.
I always found this concept rather exotic and intriguing. In its broadest sense, an expatriate is any person living in a different country from where he or she is a citizen. In modern times this life style has gained a resurgence in popularity since the advent of economic globalization as there are currently an estimated 5.2 million American citizens living outside the U.S..
Of course in today's world, the U.S. Govt. is the only Government in any industrialized country that continues to tax it's citizens on any income earned abroad. So John Robie's lifestyle would be difficult to re-create today. In later years when Alfred Hitchcock was being interviewed by this or that reporter the question that most often arose was "...what was your favorite movie?..." and his reply was always "To Catch A Thief".
(Click Pic Above to see the entire scene)
The storyline comes from a book written by David Dodge. Born in Berkeley, California his career as a writer began when he made a bet with his wife Elva that he could write a better mystery novel than the one she was reading. He drew on his professional experience as a Certified Public Accountant to create his first adventurous hero, San Francisco tax expert and reluctant detective James "Whit" Whitney. "Death and Taxes" was published in 1941 and David won $5.00 from Elva.
Three more "Whit" Whitney novels were published between 1943 and 1946. After Pearl Harbor Dodge was commissioned in the U.S. Navy and emerged three years later as a Lieutenant Commander. On his release from active duty, he set out for Guatemala by car with his wife and daughter. His Latin-American experiences produced a second adventurous hero, expatriate private investigator and tough-guy soldier of fortune 'Al Colby', and launched Dodge's second career as a travel writer.
"...Dodge's book was inspired by a real incident when he briefly became the number one suspect of a daring cat-burglary at his rich neighbour's villa. It is the story of John Robie, a reformed cat-burglar who must prove his innocence by catching the thief who is duplicating his methods. His pursuit leads him into the arms of beautiful American heiress Francie Stevens..."
Dodge was fond of explaining that "...while many writers traveled in order to gather material to write about, his goal was to write in order to gather money to travel..." David Dodge also wrote short stories, magazine articles, and plays. He is best known as the author of this movie to which Alfred Hitchcock bought the rights and turned into this fabulous film.
The prophetic scene depicted just below and shot in 1954 shows the beautiful Grace Kelly driving along the very road on which she was to meet her demise almost thirty years later on Sept. 14th, 1982.
The fabulous Grace Kelly as Frances Stevens in a very prophetic scene
As most of you know by now Miss Grace herself had a penchant for older men and Cary was a sophisticated and worldly 51yrs old while Grace was a fully developed and exquisitely alluring woman of 26. (The imagination runs amuck). Miss Grace was a perfect icon for the times. Aloof and distant, a symbol of feminine virtue & physical perfection created to be placed on a pedestal and worshiped like a goddess.
In just about all of her roles casting directors contrasted Grace against an attractive earthy tough talking worldly counterpart to highlight her sophisticated attributes. In 'Mogambo' it was Ava Gardner, in 'Rear Window' it was Georgine Darcey and here in 'To Catch A Thief' it was the well established very attractive French ingenue Brigitte Auber playing the 17yr. old vamp 'Danielle Foussard' (Brigitte was actually 27yrs. old during this filming).
The fabulous Grace Kelly as Frances Stevens
Brigitte Auber as the earthy Danielle Foussard
John Robie on the beach checking out Frances Stevens
The interplay between those two women speaks volumes about Americans' point of view of women in the fifties. The Motion Picture Production Code was in effect until 1968 and all movies had to conform. Interestingly the U.S. Supreme Court had ruled that 'Free Speech' did not apply to the movie industry so the 'way' in which women could be presented was limited by the Government.
This was the very first film Hitchcock had filmed in the new Vistavision format from Paramount Studios. I'm certainly no expert on such things but it's my understanding all these 'widescreen' formats came about because of the competition of television. It seems at this time each individual Hollywood studio had it's own version of the 'widescreen format'. While most competing widescreen film systems used magnetic audio and true 'stereophonic' sound, Paramount's early VistaVision carried only 'Perspecta Stereo' encoded in the optical track.
The widescreen format apparently produced a larger 'negative' to project onto the screen (eight sprocket holes per frame as opposed to the current standard 35mm film of five sprocket holes per frame). This made colors much more vibrant, richer and intense. Hitchcock made full use of this aspect filming scenes in the 'Flower Market' producing intensely rich colors like this....
(Click Pic Above To See The Entire Scene)
The new rich intense VistaVision colors had great impact on audiences...
Hitchcock scanning location shots
Whereas Television included a lot of 'family fare' designed to include kids, Hollywood was trying to produce vehicles that would draw audiences from an older demographic and through innuendo deal with themes not appropriate for children of the time. Murder, burglary and premarital sex, no matter how lighthearted, were not appropriate fare for all audiences.
Location shots in this film were wonderfully exotic and being filmed in VistaVision, almost stole the show.
John Robie's gorgeous Villa Noel Fleuri
Cary kissing Grace was shot in the studio but with an accurate backdrop view
Above John Robie prepares to deceive the police and make a run for it... (Click Pic Below To See The Entire Scene)
(Click Pic Above To See The Entire Scene)
Hope you didn't miss Hitchcock's signature appearance in the bus
The location shots were so intriguing I'm sure the tourism value of this movie increased dramatically. If I couldn't live in John Robie's villa, at least I could visit the south of France. It's so gorgeous and appealing. The imagination runs amuck, what red blooded American male would NOT want to be a wealthy ex-cat burglar living in the South of France and being pursued by the likes of Grace Kelly & Brigitte Auber.....
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Cary Grant was already retired from acting at 51yrs. old and I'm not quite sure what Alfred promised in order to lure him out of retirement but perhaps it was an all expense paid trip to the Cote d'Azur or an enormous paycheck but I suspect it was most probably to be the love interest of the stunning Miss Grace Kelly. Who could resist?
One positive thing the Motion Picture Production Code did (my opinion), was to force writers and directors to creatively find some other way to express deep personal feelings on screen rather than jumping into bed and performing explicit sex. If I had to pick one scene that sparkled above all others it would be this one.....
(Click Pic Above or below to see the entire scene)
Cary and Grace standing in the moonlight having a very special moment...
This movie was banned, as were all Grace Kelly movies, in Monaco by Prince Rainier. Miss Grace was still under contract and we were only to see her in two more films after this, both released in 1956. "High Society" opposite Bing Crosby and Frank Sinatra and "The Swan" opposite Sir Alec Guinness and Louis Jordan.
Cary and Grace cherished their time together for the rest of their lives. Years later, when asked to name his all-time favorite actress, Cary replied without hesitation: "Well, with all due respect to dear Ingrid Bergman, I much preferred Grace. She had serenity."
Mmmm..... Cary and Grace playing tonsil hockey
♥ Looks like a genuine laugh and watch Grace's reaction ♥
"I much preferred Grace, she had serenity"...Cary Grant
Look up 'Beauty', and this is what you'll find
Meanwhile, back to the story, a masquerade ball is planned for the coming weekend and John Robie knows all the high society jewels on the Cote d'Azur will be in attendance and to catch the real cat burglar John Robie (Cary Grant) stakes out the estate at night and finds himself struggling with an attacker who loses his footing and tumbles over a cliff. It is Foussard, and he does not survive the fall.
The police are satisfied the real cat burglar was the now dead Foussard and drop their security for the coming masquerade ball planned for the weekend. Robie doesn't believe it was Foussard and decides to stake out the roof top during the masquerade ball.
Foussard does not survive the fall..
John Robie stakes out the roof during the masquerade ball..
Just as Robie pursues the real cat burglar the police throw a spotlight on him.....
Just in case there is the remotest possibility you have not seen this film I will not give away Hitchcock's surprise ending but for me, this movie is like 'comfort food', reminding me of how adventurous life was going to be when I was such a very young man and saw it for the first time.
Well I hope you enjoyed our little blog about this wonderful movie and if you haven't already, make sure you get a copy of it and add to your collection. If any of the above clips did not load properly just reload the page and all should be well. If you find any broken links just leave me a note and I'll fix them.
Have a wonderful day !
Click Pic Above for Main Menu